Vital Statistics graphs

All graphs sourced from –

VITAL STATISTICS RATES IN THE UNITED STATES

1940-1960

By Robert  D.  Grove,  Ph.  D.and Alice  M.    Hetzel

U.S.  DEPARTMENT OF  HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

Washington,   D.C.   1968

National   Center  for Health  Statistics

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/vsus/vsrates1940_60.pdf

Note – Graphs show death rates for diseases, preceded by the approximate date when vaccination for disease was widely instituted.

Diphtheria

Immunization for Diphtheria was incorporated with tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine and became routinely used in the 1940s.

Reference:  http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/dip.pdf

vital statistics diptheria mortality

CDC on TB vaccination

Tuberculosis

BCG vaccination is not recommended as a routine strategy for TB control,

References: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00041047.htm

TB Vaccine (BCG)

Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease. This vaccine is not widely used in the United States, but it is often given to infants and small children in other countries where TB is common. BCG does not always protect people from getting TB. (emphasis mine)

References: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/vaccines/

vital statistics TB mortality

Typhoid

Immun Infekt. 1983 Jan;11(1):16-22.

[Typhoid vaccination yesterday and today].

Abstract

Despite the early attempts to produce resistance against typhoid fever with parenteral vaccination by Pfeiffer and Kolle in 1896, and with oral vaccines by Carroll in 1904, it was not until the 1950s when typhoid vaccine efficacy was prospectively evaluated in both well-controlled field trials and human volunteer studies. Among the parenteral whole cell preparations the acetone-inactivated and heat-phenol-killed vaccines, respectively, demonstrating an efficacy of 60-90% for 3-5 years, have received most attention. Oral killed typhoid vaccines have enjoyed popularity for many years, but their effectiveness has never been proven under statistically and epidemiologically controlled conditions

Reference: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6341210

vital statistics typhoid fever

Measles

Measles vaccine introduced 1963

Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999 Impact of Vaccines Universally Recommended for Children — United States, 1990-1998

Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00056803.htm

Note – Measles vaccines were introduced in 1963 but coverage was low until the 1970’s.

1966-1970 Measles vaccine coverage among 1- to 4-year-old children did not exceed 63% for any year.

Reference: http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/189/Supplement_1/S17.long

vital statistics measles mortality

Dysentery

No vaccine available

Note- decline parallels that of other infectious diseases, suggesting that other factors were responsible for fall in death rates.

vital statistics dysentry all forms

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